The Sundarbans plays an important role in the national economy as well as in the economy of the south-western region of Bangladesh. It is the single largest source of forest resources in the country. This forest provides raw material for wood dependent industries. These forests play a very preventive and productive role.
Total area of Sundarbans:
The total area of the Sundarbans is about 10,000 sq km, of which 6,017 sq km is in the Bangladesh part. The Sundarbans of Bangladesh is part of Khulna, Satkhira, Bagerhat, Patuakhali and Barguna districts. The Sundarbans, rich in biodiversity, covers 1,084 sq km of waterlogged areas, including rivers and beels. In 1997, UNESCO recognized the Sundarbans as a World Heritage Site.
Soil of the Sundarbans:
The soil of the Sundarbans is a little different than the interior of Bangladesh. Due to high tide, the water here is high in water retention and salinity. The soil here is silty loam.
Most of the plants in the Sundarbans are of the mangrove type. There are trees, shrubs, grasses, parasites etc. Of the 50 mangrove plants found in the world so far, 35 are in the Sundarbans. Among the plants of the Sundarbans are Sundari, Garan, Gewa, Keora, Pashur, Dhundal, Bain etc. Golpata grows almost everywhere in this forest.
The handsome tiger seen in the Sundarbans area of Bangladesh is known worldwide as the Royal Bengal Tiger. The largest animal in the cat species is the Tiger. One tiger weighs up to 300 kg. And Lives up to 26 Years. It is said that they were born to hunt. They have sharp claws in their claws, strong legs and huge teeth and jaws. Tigers can eat up to 40 kg of meat in one sitting.
The tiger usually follows the nocturnal and its prey silently. And attacks silently. Male tigers move lonely, without tigers and cubs. They like to travel around huge places.
But in the case of tigers, the matter is completely different. They are very good swimmers and also like to catch prey while swimming.
All the strange creatures live in the Sundarbans. There are about 50 species of mammals, 50 species of reptiles, 320 species of birds, 6 species of amphibians and 400 species of fish in the Sundarbans. The Royal Bengal Tiger is world famous among the mammals of the Sundarbans. There are also Chitra and Maya deer, monkeys, wildcats, leopards, rabbits and wild boars. Here are all the exotic Birds. Sundarbans reptiles include crocodiles, snakes, lizards and more.
The wood obtained from Sundaran is used as fuel and charcoal. In addition, mangrove fruit is used as cattle feed. Golpata is dried and used to make rice and fences in the house. The snails and oysters found in the Sundarbans are a good source of edible lime. A class of people depend on the honey of the Sundarbans for their livelihood. Besides selling the Country, this honey is also Exported abroad.
Deer in the Sundarbans:
There are more than 2 Lakh deer in the Sundarbans. There are two types of deer in this forest, Chitra and Maya. It lives everywhere in the forest. However, more Maya deer can be seen. Due to the open Environment, Deer are very beautiful to look at. From a distance, Maya Deer’s Call sounds Like a Dog’s call. When he is scared, he shouts in a broken voice. They tend to be soft-spoken for behavioral reasons.
From a distance we can imagine many things that we can clearly understand when we go ahead. If it is ever possible to visit this Sundarbans, you will feel a lot of satisfaction in your mind.